Teaching Phonics has become a critical part of teaching young learners for ESL teachers recently all over the world.
There are two ways of teaching kids how to read. One is to use the phonetic symbols which we call the International Phonetic Alphabet or “IPA”. This way is comparatively more abstract and difficult for young English learners as they have to remember the symbols and which letter sounds fit for which symbols and what the sounds of the symbols are.
Teaching phonics in ESL is a step-by-step process that essentially familiarizes students with the sounds needed to produce English in order to develop their reading and writing skills. Rather than teaching the 26 letters of the alphabet, students learn the correct pronunciation of over 40 phonemes of the English language. Students learn how to recognize the letters, the sounds they produce, and therefore learn how to transfer that knowledge into basic reading skills.